Reflective Models

I have been looking at reflective models after getting introduced to the Gibbs Reflective Cycle.

Dewey (1933) identified that people who are reflective have three main characteristics; open-mindedness, responsibility and wholeheartedness.

Since Dewey, there have been various practitioners that have created they own theories and cycles for personal reflection.


this is Greenaway’s model of reflection. 1. DO – create a piece of work or experience. 2. REVIEW – review what happen and draw from that what can be learnt. 3. PLAN – what steps from reviewing can be implemented for next time you approach a task.


schons reflective module is based on reflecting during, as well as after.

1. Reflect during an event. Its going well, why? It’s not going well, why?

2. Post event reflection. here you masticate and review what happened during said project.


Gibbs identified six steps in a cycle of reflection.

Description – What happened?

Feelings – What were you feeling?

Evolution – What was Good/Bad?

Analysis – What sense could you make of the situation?

Conclusion – What else could you have done?

Action Plan – What could you do next time?

After looking at these various reflective models I feel that the Gibbs model would be the most effective for my learning, as it is more linear in its layout and approach, as it states the point that you should reflect upon.

The Gibbs model is a more in-depth model than Greenaway as it focuses on secular feelings and actions which I believe allows for a more rounded reflection.

Schons reflective model is interesting as I can see in practice how it would work. I do, however feel that for my learning style it ould not be best for me to heavily reflect during work as I would find myself concentrating on the reflection more than the task itself.

Schons method would suite physical activity and leads itself well to sport as in a game such as football, you have to constantly reflect whilst you play, by reading opponents and conditions.


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